Summit Book

Overview

As part of the ten-volume Book Series on the Galapagos Islands (Stephen J. Walsh & Carlos F. Mena, Series Editors), and published by Springer Nature, an edited book will be developed by the invited author and others from the papers and presentations delivered at the World Summit on Island Sustainability.

The Book will be edited by Stephen Walsh (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), Carlos Mena (Universidad San Francisco de Quito), Jill Stewart (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), and Juan Pablo Muñoz (University of the Sunshine Coast). The book will feature 20–30 chapters, color graphics, and a forward & preface written by noted experts on island sustainability. The tentative publication date is slated for Spring 2023.

Tentative Book Structure

ISLAND ECOSYSTEMS: CHALLENGES TO SUSTAINABILITY

Guest Editors
Stephen J. Walsh, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Carlos F. Mena, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador
Jill R. Stewart, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
Juan Pablo Munoz Perez, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia

Foreword

World Summit on Island Sustainability – Ashlan Cousteau, EarthEcho International, USA

II. Preface

Galapagos Science Center & Island Sustainability – Don Hobart, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

III. UNC & USFQ Galapagos Science Center, 10thYear Anniversary

Connected Places and Social-Ecological Forces that Impact Small Island Sustainability: An Essay Stephen J. Walsh, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Carlos F. Mena, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Founding Co-Directors, Galapagos Science Center, San Cristobal Island, Galapagos Archipelago, Ecuador

IV. Communique of the World Summit on Island Sustainability

Goals and Objectives of the World Summit on Island SustainabilityStephen J. Walsh, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA & Carlos F. Mena, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador

V. Island Ecosystems – Challenges to Sustainability

Globalization and the Challenging Political Economy of Governing (and Researching) Islands in Contemporary Times – Juan Pablo Luna, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Changing Land Use in Island Countries: A Meta Perspective on Effects of Demographic Processes and Tourism – Richard E. Bilsborrow, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Pacific Island Perspectives on Invasive Species and Climate Change – Laura Brewington, Arizona State University & the East-West Center, Honolulu, USA; Brad Eichelberger, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Division of Fish and Wildlife; Nicole Reed, Duke University, USA; Elliott Parsons, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA; Heather Kerkering, Pacific Islands Climate Adaptation Science Center, USA; Christy Martin, Hawaii Coordinating Group on Alien Pest Species, USA; Wendy Miles, US Fish and Wildlife Service, USA; Jacques Idechong, Palau Community College; Jeff Burgett, US Fish and Wildlife Service, USA

On-the-Ground Solutions to Help People and Wildlife in a Changing Climate – Nikhil Advani, World Wildlife Fund, USA

VI. Island Ecosystems – Social Sub-Systems

Climate and Health Challenges in Small Island States: Identifying Vulnerability in Water and Food Resources in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador – Amanda Thompson, Jill Stewart, Margaret Bentley, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Jaime Ocampo & Enrique Teran, Universidad San Francisco de Quito; Valeria Ochoa, Universidad del Rosario, Colombia

Improvements in the Galapagos Health System: Telemedicine, Research, and Medical Assistants – Jaime Eduardo Ocampo Trujillo & María Emilia Menoscal Coello, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador

Social Issues in the Galapagos Islands: A Participatory and Exploratory Study – Gina Chowa, School of Social Work & Global Social Development Innovations Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Cindy Fraga Rizzo, School of Social Work & Global Social Development Innovations Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Amanda Thompson, Department of Anthropology & Gillings Global School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Margaret Bentley, Department of Nutrition, Gillings Global School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Mimi Chapman, School of Social Work & Global Social Development Innovations Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Towards Increased Island Food System Resilience: Lessons Learned from the COVID-19 Pandemic – Khristopher M. Nicholas & Margaret E. Bentley, Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Clare Barrington, Department of Health Behavior, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Amanda L. Thompson, Department of Anthropology and Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Understanding the Impacts of a Natural Disaster: Evidence from the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami – Elizabeth Frankenberg, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Cecep Sumantri, SurveyMETER, Indonesia; Duncan Thomas, Duke University, USA

VII.   Island Ecosystems – Terrestrial Sub-Systems

Unraveling the Interactions between Endemic and Invasive Plant Species in the Galapagos Islands – Maria de Lourdes Torres, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Diego Urquia, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Leonie Moyle & Matt Gibson, Indiana University, USA; Todd Vision & Bryan Reantini, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Galapagos Land Snails and Environmental Sustainability – Stella de la Torre & Isabel Villarruel-Oviedo, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador

Galapagos Petrels Conservation Helps Everyone in the Islands Towards a Sustainable Future – Leo Zurita-Arthos, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Carolina Proaño, Tierramar Research Group, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador; Jonathan Guillen, Naturalist Guide of Galapagos, Ecuador; Sebastian Cruz, Tierramar Research Group, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador; David Wiedenfeld, American Bird Conservancy, USA

Impact of Weathering and Mineralogy on the Chemistry of Soils from San Cristobal Island, Galapagos – Xiao-Ming Liu & Heather D. Hanna, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Julia G. Barzyk, Army Research Office, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

Mapping Narratives of Agricultural Land Use Practices in the Galapagos – Francisco Laso & Javier Arce-Nazario, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Land Use and Land Cover Change: Economic and Natural Drivers – Madeline Giefer, Austin Peay State University, USA

VIII.  Island Ecosystems – Marine Sub-Systems

Common Oversights in the Design and Monitoring of Ecosystem-Based Management Plans and the Siting of Marine Protected Areas – Sergio Navarrete, Coastal Marine Research Station, Millenium Nucleus for Ecology and Conservation of Temperate Mesophotic Reefs Ecosystems, Instituto Milenio de Socio-Ecología Costera, Center for Applied Ecology and Sustainability, and Department of Ecology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile; Christopher M. Aikens, Coastal Marine Ecosystems Research Center, CQ University, Australia; M. Isadora Avila-Thieme, Instituto Milenio de Socio-Ecologia Costera, Department of Ecology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, and Advanced Conservation Strategies, USA; Daniel Valencia, Coastal Marine Research Station, Department of Ecology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile; Alexandre Genin, Coastal Marine Research Station, Department of Ecology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, The Netherlands; Stefan Gelcich, Instituto Milenio de Socio-Ecología Costera, Center for Applied Ecology and Sustainability, Department of Ecology,  Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Levels of Upwelling are Important to Consider for Conservation – Michael J Kingsford, Center of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Australia; Margarita Brandt, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Juan-Manuel Alava, James Cook University, Australia

Ten Years of Wildlife Health and Conservation in the Galapagos, 2013-2022 – Gregory Lewbart, North Carolina State University, USA; Juan Pablo Munoz-Perez, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia; Diego Paez-Rosas & Carlos Valle, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Daniela Alarcon Ruales, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia; Maximilian Hirschfeld, James Cook University, Australia; Diane Deresienski, North Carolina State University, USA; Kenneth J. Lohmann, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Challenges in the Application of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management in the Galapagos IslandsMarjorie Riofrio-Lazo, College of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Manuel Zetina-Rejón, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas, La Paz, Baja California Sur, México; Gunter Reck, College of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Diego Páez-Rosas, College of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Francisco Arreguín-Sánchez, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas, La Paz, Baja California Sur, México

Cetaceans of the Galapagos Archipelago: Species in Constant Change and the Importance of Long-Term Citizen Science – Daniela Alarcón-Ruales, School of Science, Technology & Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia, College of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Ana Eguiguren, Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Canada; Leo Zurita, College of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Salome Herrera C., College of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Eduardo Espinoza, Dirección del Parque Nacional Galápagos, Ecuador; Juan Pablo Muñoz-Pérez, School of Science, Technology & Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia; Judith Denkinger, College of Biological & Environmental Sciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Kathy A. Townsend, School of Science, Technology & Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia

Establishing Comparable Health Baselines for Marine Turtle Populations Caitlin Elizabeth Smith, Ben Gilby, Juan Pablo Muñoz-Pérez, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia; Jason van de Merwe, Griffith University, Australia; Kathy A. Townsend, University of the Sunshine Coast, Australia

Island Ecosystems – Interdisciplinary Science for Sustainability

An Agent-Based Model of Household Livelihood Strategies in the Galapagos Islands: Impact of Jobs in Fishing, Fishing Restrictions, and Fishing Deregulation on Household Employment Decisions – Stephen J. Walsh, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA; Carlos Mena, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador

The Role for Scientific Collections and Public Museums in Island Conservation – John Dumbacher, California Academy of Sciences & San Francisco State University, USA; Jaime Chaves, San Francisco State University, California Academy of Sciences, USA, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador

The Museum Effect: Platforms for Advocacy and Sustainability in Insular Environments – Eric Dorfman, Javan Sutton, Bryan L. Stuart, North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, USA

Microgrids: An Opportunity for Sustainable Developments on Islands – Noah Kittner, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA

Island Sustainability: Paths Forward in the Galapagos & Beyond

Island Digital Ecosystem Avatars (IDEA) Consortium: Infrastructure for Democratic Ecological Action – Neil Davies, University of California at Berkeley, Gump South Pacific Research Station, Moorea, French Polynesia

Galapagos Genetic Barcode: A Model for Island Economic Resilience During COVID-19 Pandemic –  Jaime A. Chaves, San Francisco State University, USA;  Camille Bonneaud & Andy Russell, University of Exeter, UK; Carlos F. Mena & Carolina Proaño, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador; Diego A. Ortiz, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador;  Marilyn Cruz & Alberto Velez, Agency of Regulation and Control of the Biosecurity and Quarantine for Galapagos, Ecuador; Jen Jones, Galapagos Conservation Trust, UK; Tom Chaigneau, University of Exeter, UK; Diana A. Pazmino, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador

Island Innovation: Transitioning Towards a Circular Economy for Plastics in Galapagos, Ecuador Jen Jones & Jess Howard, Galapagos Conservation Trust, UK; Tamara Galloway, University of Exeter, UK; Lucia Norris & Sol Espinosa, Galapagos Conservation Trust, UK

From Building Resilience to Adaptive Transformation: Exploring the Rationale for Inclusive Governance in Galapagos – Maria Soledad Garcia Ferrari, Amelia A. Bain, Stephanie Crane De Narvaez, University of Edinburgh, UK

The Extinction Market: Reflections on the Possible Future of the Illegal Galapagos Wildlife TradeEvelyn Vega Barrera, Criminal Procedural Law, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain; Diego Quiroga Ferri & Carlos F. Mena, College of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador

Previous 10 Books in the Series

Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands

Evolution from the Galapagos

The Galapagos Marine Reserve

Darwin, Darwinism and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands

Disease Ecology

Understanding Invasive Species in the Galapagos Islands

Sustainable Energy Mix in Fragile Environments

Urban Galapagos

Land Cover and Land Use Change on Islands

Water, Food and Human Health in the Galapagos Ecuador

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In 2022, the Galapagos Science Center (GSC) and the broader UNC & USFQ Galapagos Initiative will celebrate its 10th Anniversary. We are proud to announce the World Summit on Island Sustainability scheduled to be held on June 26–30, 2022 at the Galapagos Science Center and the Community Convention Center on San Cristobal Island.

The content of the World Summit will be distributed globally through social media and results documented through papers published in a book written as part of the Galapagos Book Series by Springer Nature and edited by Steve Walsh (UNC) & Carlos Mena (USFQ) as well as Jill Stewart (UNC) and Juan Pablo Muñoz (GSC/USC). The book will be inclusive and accessible by the broader island community including scientists, managers, residents, tourists, and government and non-government organizations.

While the most obvious goal of organizing the World Summit on Island Sustainability is to celebrate the 10th Anniversary of the GSC and the UNC-USFQ Galapagos Initiative, other goals will be addressed through special opportunities created as part of our operational planning of the World Summit.

For instance, we seek to elevate and highlight the Galapagos in the island conservation discourse, seeking to interact with other island networks in more obvious and conspicuous ways to benefit the Galapagos Islands, the UNC-USFQ Galapagos Initiative, and the world. We will seize the opportunity to further develop the I2N2 – International Islands Network-of-Networks. Further, we wish to highlight and emphasize multiple visions of a sustainable future for the Galapagos Islands and we cannot do this alone. Therefore, engaging the Ecuadorian Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Tourism, the Government Council of Galapagos, the Galapagos National Park, and local Galapagos authorities, including government and non-government organizations and local citizen groups, is imperative.

The Galapagos Science Center on San Cristobal Island, Galapagos

Borrowing from Hawaii’s and Guam’s Green Growth Program and the Global Island Partnership, we wish to examine existing global programs that emphasize island sustainability and their incorporation into life, policies, and circumstances in the Galapagos Islands. We will also seek to enhance our connections with the institutional members of our International Galapagos Science Consortium and expand the Consortium through the recruitment of other member institutions. We will also work to benefit islands and their local communities by working with citizen groups as well as important NGOs who seek to improve the natural conditions in the Galapagos and diminish the impact of the human dimension on the future of Galapagos’ ecosystems.

Lastly, we will use the World Summit to benefit UNC & USFQ and our constituencies through a strong and vibrant communication plan about the World Summit, creating corporate relationships as sponsors, identifying funding goals through donors, and benefiting our study abroad program for student engagement in the Galapagos Islands. We plan to develop and issue a Galapagos Sustainability Communique after the World Summit that includes the vision and insights of all its participants for a sustainable Galapagos with applicability to global island settings.

We are eager to hear your perspective and have you join us at the World Summit on Island Sustainability!